Übersetzung im Kontext von „, ANT“ in Englisch-Deutsch von Reverso Context: ant, fire ant, army ant, worker ant, ant-eater. Referenzen und weiterführende Informationen:  Englischer Wikipedia-Artikel „ ant“:  LEO Englisch-Deutsch, Stichwort: „ant“:  PONS Englisch-Deutsch. Deutsche Übersetzung von "ant" | Der offizielle Collins Englisch-Deutsch Wörterbuch online. Über Deutsche Übersetzungen von Englische Wörtern. Soant colonies are a good example of an organization like that, and there are many others. Which chemical signals are involved in the interaction of two species, and how does the interaction affect chemical communication?. Bitte beachten Sie, dass die Vokabeln in der Vokabelliste nur in diesem Browser zur Verfügung stehen. Sein Bildträger ist meist der reale Raum, den er mit einer reduzierten Zeichensprache füllt oder zu verfremden versucht. Für diese Funktion ist es erforderlich, sich anzumelden oder sich kostenlos zu registrieren. Dazu kommen jetzt Millionen von authentischen Übersetzungsbeispielen aus externen Quellen, die zeigen, wie pharaos Begriff im Zusammenhang übersetzt wird. Bert Hölldobler An expert on the sociobiology of ants, Hölldobler published groundbreaking works on the social behaviour and ethoecology of ants. She told me to think of every little ant as my ewallet deutsch. Ameise hat also nichts davon. Ziel dieses Forschungsschwerpunkts ist die Aufklärung grundlegender Werder köln live stream der Verhaltenssteuerung, atp toronto einfachen Verhaltensmustern wie Lokomotion, Fressverhalten, Phototaxis und Duftorientierung bis hin zu höheren Leistungen wie Lernen, Gedächtnis, kognitiven Prozessen, sozialer Interaktion und deren Evolution. Britisches Englisch Amerikanisches Englisch ant. Registrieren Sie sich privat geld leihen noch heute weitere Beispiele sehen Registrieren Einloggen. Gott, wenn du meine Lisa nicht heil zurückbringstwerden heute Abend Ameisen brennen.
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Younger ants work within the nest protecting the queen and young. Sometimes, a queen is not present and is replaced by egg-laying workers.
These worker ants can only lay haploid eggs producing sterile offspring. Ants can compare areas and solve complex problems by using information gained by each member of the colony to find the best nesting site or to find food.
Ant hill art is a growing collecting hobby. It involves pouring molten metal typically non-toxic zinc or aluminum , plaster or cement down an ant colony mound acting as a mold and upon hardening, one excavates the resulting structure.
Usually, the hills are chosen after the ants have abandoned as to not kill any ants; however in the Southeast United States, pouring into an active colony of invasive fire ants is a novel way to eliminate them.
An ant-hill , in its simplest form, is a pile of earth , sand , pine needles, manure , urine , or clay or a composite of these and other materials that build up at the entrances of the subterranean dwellings of ant colonies as they are excavated.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For the novel by E. Wilson , see Anthill: Retrieved 8 December A Journal of Entomology. United States Patent and Trademark Office.
Retrieved 18 January Collecting ants by rearing pupae". The Ohio Journal of Science. Retrieved 19 March A Colony of Ants: Journal of Insect Science.
Japanese Journal of Ecology , No. Pedersen, and Laurent Kelle. The Argentine ants of southern Europe. The National Academy of Sciences, Biological Journal of the Linnean Society.
Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Transactions of the American Entomological Society. Like other insects, ants perceive smells with their long, thin, and mobile antennae.
The paired antennae provide information about the direction and intensity of scents. Since most ants live on the ground, they use the soil surface to leave pheromone trails that may be followed by other ants.
In species that forage in groups, a forager that finds food marks a trail on the way back to the colony; this trail is followed by other ants, these ants then reinforce the trail when they head back with food to the colony.
When the food source is exhausted, no new trails are marked by returning ants and the scent slowly dissipates. This behaviour helps ants deal with changes in their environment.
For instance, when an established path to a food source is blocked by an obstacle, the foragers leave the path to explore new routes.
If an ant is successful, it leaves a new trail marking the shortest route on its return. Successful trails are followed by more ants, reinforcing better routes and gradually identifying the best path.
Ants use pheromones for more than just making trails. A crushed ant emits an alarm pheromone that sends nearby ants into an attack frenzy and attracts more ants from farther away.
Several ant species even use " propaganda pheromones" to confuse enemy ants and make them fight among themselves. Some ants produce sounds by stridulation , using the gaster segments and their mandibles.
Sounds may be used to communicate with colony members or with other species. Ants attack and defend themselves by biting and, in many species, by stinging, often injecting or spraying chemicals, such as formic acid in the case of formicine ants, alkaloids and piperidines in fire ants , and a variety of protein components in other ants.
Bullet ants Paraponera , located in Central and South America , are considered to have the most painful sting of any insect, although it is usually not fatal to humans.
This sting is given the highest rating on the Schmidt Sting Pain Index. The sting of jack jumper ants can be fatal,  and an antivenom has been developed for it.
Fire ants , Solenopsis spp. Trap-jaw ants of the genus Odontomachus are equipped with mandibles called trap-jaws, which snap shut faster than any other predatory appendages within the animal kingdom.
The ants were also observed to use their jaws as a catapult to eject intruders or fling themselves backward to escape a threat. Energy is stored in a thick band of muscle and explosively released when triggered by the stimulation of sensory organs resembling hairs on the inside of the mandibles.
The mandibles also permit slow and fine movements for other tasks. Trap-jaws also are seen in the following genera: Anochetus , Orectognathus , and Strumigenys ,  plus some members of the Dacetini tribe,  which are viewed as examples of convergent evolution.
A Malaysian species of ant in the Camponotus cylindricus group has enlarged mandibular glands that extend into their gaster. If combat takes a turn for the worse, a worker may perform a final act of suicidal altruism by rupturing the membrane of its gaster, causing the content of its mandibular glands to burst from the anterior region of its head, spraying a poisonous, corrosive secretion containing acetophenones and other chemicals that immobilise small insect attackers.
The worker subsequently dies. Suicidal defences by workers are also noted in a Brazilian ant, Forelius pusillus , where a small group of ants leaves the security of the nest after sealing the entrance from the outside each evening.
In addition to defence against predators, ants need to protect their colonies from pathogens. Some worker ants maintain the hygiene of the colony and their activities include undertaking or necrophory , the disposal of dead nest-mates.
Nests may be protected from physical threats such as flooding and overheating by elaborate nest architecture. Many animals can learn behaviours by imitation, but ants may be the only group apart from mammals where interactive teaching has been observed.
A knowledgeable forager of Temnothorax albipennis will lead a naive nest-mate to newly discovered food by the process of tandem running. The follower obtains knowledge through its leading tutor.
The leader is acutely sensitive to the progress of the follower and slows down when the follower lags and speeds up when the follower gets too close.
Controlled experiments with colonies of Cerapachys biroi suggest that an individual may choose nest roles based on her previous experience. An entire generation of identical workers was divided into two groups whose outcome in food foraging was controlled.
One group was continually rewarded with prey, while it was made certain that the other failed. As a result, members of the successful group intensified their foraging attempts while the unsuccessful group ventured out fewer and fewer times.
A month later, the successful foragers continued in their role while the others had moved to specialise in brood care. Complex nests are built by many ant species, but other species are nomadic and do not build permanent structures.
Ants may form subterranean nests or build them on trees. These nests may be found in the ground, under stones or logs, inside logs, hollow stems, or even acorns.
The materials used for construction include soil and plant matter,  and ants carefully select their nest sites; Temnothorax albipennis will avoid sites with dead ants, as these may indicate the presence of pests or disease.
They are quick to abandon established nests at the first sign of threats. The army ants of South America, such as the Eciton burchellii species, and the driver ants of Africa do not build permanent nests, but instead, alternate between nomadism and stages where the workers form a temporary nest bivouac from their own bodies, by holding each other together.
Weaver ant Oecophylla spp. Similar forms of nest construction are seen in some species of Polyrhachis. Formica polyctena , among other ant species, constructs nests that maintain a relatively constant interior temperature that aids in the development of larvae.
The ants maintain the nest temperature by choosing the location, nest materials, controlling ventilation and maintaining the heat from solar radiation, worker activity and metabolism, and in some moist nests, microbial activity in the nest materials.
Some ant species, such as those that use natural cavities, can be opportunistic and make use of the controlled micro-climate provided inside human dwellings and other artificial structures to house their colonies and nest structures.
Most ants are generalist predators, scavengers, and indirect herbivores,  but a few have evolved specialised ways of obtaining nutrition.
It is believed that many ant species that engage in indirect herbivory rely on specialized symbiosis with their gut microbes  to upgrade the nutritional value of the food they collect  and allow them to survive in nitrogen poor regions, such as rainforest canopies.
They continually collect leaves which are taken to the colony, cut into tiny pieces and placed in fungal gardens. Ergates specialise in related tasks according to their sizes.
The largest ants cut stalks, smaller workers chew the leaves and the smallest tend the fungus. Leafcutter ants are sensitive enough to recognise the reaction of the fungus to different plant material, apparently detecting chemical signals from the fungus.
If a particular type of leaf is found to be toxic to the fungus, the colony will no longer collect it. The ants feed on structures produced by the fungi called gongylidia.
Symbiotic bacteria on the exterior surface of the ants produce antibiotics that kill bacteria introduced into the nest that may harm the fungi. In hot and arid regions, day-foraging ants face death by desiccation, so the ability to find the shortest route back to the nest reduces that risk.
Diurnal desert ants of the genus Cataglyphis such as the Sahara desert ant navigate by keeping track of direction as well as distance travelled.
Distances travelled are measured using an internal pedometer that keeps count of the steps taken  and also by evaluating the movement of objects in their visual field optical flow.
The workers may then run around continuously until they die of exhaustion. The female worker ants do not have wings and reproductive females lose their wings after their mating flights in order to begin their colonies.
Therefore, unlike their wasp ancestors, most ants travel by walking. Some species are capable of leaping. Ants with this ability are able to control the direction of their descent while falling.
Other species of ants can form chains to bridge gaps over water, underground, or through spaces in vegetation. Some species also form floating rafts that help them survive floods.
Since they lack gills , they go to trapped pockets of air in the submerged nests to breathe. Not all ants have the same kind of societies.
The Australian bulldog ants are among the biggest and most basal of ants. Like virtually all ants, they are eusocial , but their social behaviour is poorly developed compared to other species.
Each individual hunts alone, using her large eyes instead of chemical senses to find prey. Some species such as Tetramorium caespitum attack and take over neighbouring ant colonies.
Others are less expansionist, but just as aggressive; they invade colonies to steal eggs or larvae, which they either eat or raise as workers or slaves.
Extreme specialists among these slave-raiding ants , such as the Amazon ants , are incapable of feeding themselves and need captured workers to survive.
Ants identify kin and nestmates through their scent, which comes from hydrocarbon -laced secretions that coat their exoskeletons.
If an ant is separated from its original colony, it will eventually lose the colony scent. Any ant that enters a colony without a matching scent will be attacked.
The Argentine ant , however, does not have this characteristic, due to lack of genetic diversity, and has become a global pest because of it.
Parasitic ant species enter the colonies of host ants and establish themselves as social parasites; species such as Strumigenys xenos are entirely parasitic and do not have workers, but instead, rely on the food gathered by their Strumigenys perplexa hosts.
A variety of methods are employed to enter the nest of the host ant. A parasitic queen may enter the host nest before the first brood has hatched, establishing herself prior to development of a colony scent.
Other species use pheromones to confuse the host ants or to trick them into carrying the parasitic queen into the nest.
Some simply fight their way into the nest. A conflict between the sexes of a species is seen in some species of ants with these reproducers apparently competing to produce offspring that are as closely related to them as possible.
The most extreme form involves the production of clonal offspring. An extreme of sexual conflict is seen in Wasmannia auropunctata , where the queens produce diploid daughters by thelytokous parthenogenesis and males produce clones by a process whereby a diploid egg loses its maternal contribution to produce haploid males who are clones of the father.
Ants form symbiotic associations with a range of species, including other ant species, other insects, plants, and fungi.
They also are preyed on by many animals and even certain fungi. Some arthropod species spend part of their lives within ant nests, either preying on ants, their larvae, and eggs, consuming the food stores of the ants, or avoiding predators.
These inquilines may bear a close resemblance to ants. The nature of this ant mimicry myrmecomorphy varies, with some cases involving Batesian mimicry , where the mimic reduces the risk of predation.
Others show Wasmannian mimicry , a form of mimicry seen only in inquilines. Aphids and other hemipteran insects secrete a sweet liquid called honeydew , when they feed on plant sap.
The sugars in honeydew are a high-energy food source, which many ant species collect. The ants in turn keep predators away from the aphids and will move them from one feeding location to another.
When migrating to a new area, many colonies will take the aphids with them, to ensure a continued supply of honeydew. Ants also tend mealybugs to harvest their honeydew.
Mealybugs may become a serious pest of pineapples if ants are present to protect mealybugs from their natural enemies. Myrmecophilous ant-loving caterpillars of the butterfly family Lycaenidae e.
The caterpillars have a gland which secretes honeydew when the ants massage them. Some caterpillars produce vibrations and sounds that are perceived by the ants.
The caterpillar is then taken into the ant nest where it feeds on the ant larvae. Some of the dominant bacteria belong to the order Rhizobiales whose members are known for being nitrogen-fixing symbionts in legumes but the species found in ant lack the ability to fix nitrogen.
In this ant-fungus mutualism , both species depend on each other for survival. The ant Allomerus decemarticulatus has evolved a three-way association with the host plant, Hirtella physophora Chrysobalanaceae , and a sticky fungus which is used to trap their insect prey.
This modification of the forest provides the ants with more nesting sites inside the stems of the Duroia trees. Isotopic labelling studies suggest that plants also obtain nitrogen from the ants.
In Fiji Philidris nagasau Dolichoderinae are known to selectively grow species of epiphytic Squamellaria Rubiaceae which produce large domatia inside which the ant colonies nest.
The ants plant the seeds and the domatia of young seedling are immediately occupied and the ant faeces in them contribute to rapid growth.
Many tropical tree species have seeds that are dispersed by ants. Many ant-dispersed seeds have special external structures, elaiosomes , that are sought after by ants as food.
A convergence , possibly a form of mimicry , is seen in the eggs of stick insects. They have an edible elaiosome-like structure and are taken into the ant nest where the young hatch.
Most ants are predatory and some prey on and obtain food from other social insects including other ants. Some species specialise in preying on termites Megaponera and Termitopone while a few Cerapachyinae prey on other ants.
Other wasps, such as A. Flies in the Old World genus Bengalia Calliphoridae prey on ants and are kleptoparasites , snatching prey or brood from the mandibles of adult ants.
Fungi in the genera Cordyceps and Ophiocordyceps infect ants. Ants react to their infection by climbing up plants and sinking their mandibles into plant tissue.
The fungus kills the ants, grows on their remains, and produces a fruiting body. It appears that the fungus alters the behaviour of the ant to help disperse its spores  in a microhabitat that best suits the fungus.
A nematode Myrmeconema neotropicum that infects canopy ants Cephalotes atratus causes the black-coloured gasters of workers to turn red.
The parasite also alters the behaviour of the ant, causing them to carry their gasters high. The conspicuous red gasters are mistaken by birds for ripe fruits, such as Hyeronima alchorneoides , and eaten.
The droppings of the bird are collected by other ants and fed to their young, leading to further spread of the nematode. South American poison dart frogs in the genus Dendrobates feed mainly on ants, and the toxins in their skin may come from the ants.
Army ants forage in a wide roving column, attacking any animals in that path that are unable to escape. In Central and South America, Eciton burchellii is the swarming ant most commonly attended by " ant-following " birds such as antbirds and woodcreepers.
Here birds rest on ant nests, or pick and drop ants onto their wings and feathers; this may be a means to remove ectoparasites from the birds.
Anteaters , aardvarks , pangolins , echidnas and numbats have special adaptations for living on a diet of ants. These adaptations include long, sticky tongues to capture ants and strong claws to break into ant nests.
Brown bears Ursus arctos have been found to feed on ants. Ants perform many ecological roles that are beneficial to humans, including the suppression of pest populations and aeration of the soil.
The use of weaver ants in citrus cultivation in southern China is considered one of the oldest known applications of biological control.
In some parts of the world mainly Africa and South America , large ants, especially army ants , are used as surgical sutures.
The wound is pressed together and ants are applied along it. The ant seizes the edges of the wound in its mandibles and locks in place.
The body is then cut off and the head and mandibles remain in place to close the wound. Some ants have toxic venom and are of medical importance.
The species include Paraponera clavata tocandira and Dinoponera spp. In South Africa , ants are used to help harvest the seeds of rooibos Aspalathus linearis , a plant used to make a herbal tea.
The plant disperses its seeds widely, making manual collection difficult. Black ants collect and store these and other seeds in their nest, where humans can gather them en masse.
Although most ants survive attempts by humans to eradicate them, a few are highly endangered. These tend to be island species that have evolved specialized traits and risk being displaced by introduced ant species.
Examples include the critically endangered Sri Lankan relict ant Aneuretus simoni and Adetomyrma venatrix of Madagascar.
It has been estimated by E. Wilson that the total number of individual ants alive in the world at any one time is between one and ten quadrillion short scale i.
According to this estimate, the total biomass of all the ants in the world is approximately equal to the total biomass of the entire human race.
Ants and their larvae are eaten in different parts of the world. The eggs of two species of ants are used in Mexican escamoles.
In the Colombian department of Santander , hormigas culonas roughly interpreted as "large-bottomed ants" Atta laevigata are toasted alive and eaten.
In areas of India , and throughout Burma and Thailand , a paste of the green weaver ant Oecophylla smaragdina is served as a condiment with curry.
Saville-Kent , in the Naturalist in Australia wrote "Beauty, in the case of the green ant, is more than skin-deep.
Their attractive, almost sweetmeat-like translucency possibly invited the first essays at their consumption by the human species".
Mashed up in water, after the manner of lemon squash, "these ants form a pleasant acid drink which is held in high favor by the natives of North Queensland, and is even appreciated by many European palates".
In his First Summer in the Sierra , John Muir notes that the Digger Indians of California ate the tickling, acid gasters of the large jet-black carpenter ants.
The Mexican Indians eat the replete workers, or living honey-pots, of the honey ant Myrmecocystus. Some ant species are considered as pests, primarily those that occur in human habitations, where their presence is often problematic.
For example, the presence of ants would be undesirable in sterile places such as hospitals or kitchens. Some species or genera commonly categorized as pests include the Argentine ant , pavement ant , yellow crazy ant , banded sugar ant , Pharaoh ant , carpenter ants , odorous house ant , red imported fire ant , and European fire ant.
Some ants will raid stored food, others may damage indoor structures, some can damage agricultural crops directly or by aiding sucking pests , and some will sting or bite.
Ant populations are managed by a combination of approaches that make use of chemical, biological and physical methods.
Chemical methods include the use of insecticidal bait which is gathered by ants as food and brought back to the nest where the poison is inadvertently spread to other colony members through trophallaxis.
Management is based on the species and techniques can vary according to the location and circumstance. Observed by humans since the dawn of history, the behaviour of ants has been documented and the subject of early writings and fables passed from one century to another.
Those using scientific methods, myrmecologists , study ants in the laboratory and in their natural conditions. Their complex and variable social structures have made ants ideal model organisms.
Ultraviolet vision was first discovered in ants by Sir John Lubbock in The successful techniques used by ant colonies have been studied in computer science and robotics to produce distributed and fault-tolerant systems for solving problems, for example Ant colony optimization and Ant robotics.
This area of biomimetics has led to studies of ant locomotion, search engines that make use of "foraging trails", fault-tolerant storage, and networking algorithms.
Some later commercial versions use transparent gel instead of soil, allowing greater visibility at the cost of stressing the ants with unnatural light.
They also are mentioned in religious texts. Aesop did the same in his fable The Ant and the Grasshopper. In the Quran , Sulayman is said to have heard and understood an ant warning other ants to return home to avoid being accidentally crushed by Sulayman and his marching army.
Some Native American mythology , such as the Hopi mythology , considers ants as the very first animals. Ant bites are often said to have curative properties.
The sting of some species of Pseudomyrmex is claimed to give fever relief. Ant society has always fascinated humans and has been written about both humorously and seriously.
Mark Twain wrote about ants in his book A Tramp Abroad. Examples are Robert Frost in his poem "Departmental" and T. White in his fantasy novel The Once and Future King.
Wells wrote about intelligent ants destroying human settlements in Brazil and threatening human civilization in his science-fiction short story, The Empire of the Ants.
He published a five volume work from to that examined ant biology and society. In the early s, the video game SimAnt , which simulated an ant colony, won the Codie award for "Best Simulation Program".
In computer strategy games , ant-based species often benefit from increased production rates due to their single-minded focus, such as the Klackons in the Master of Orion series of games or the ChCht in Deadlock II.
These characters are often credited with a hive mind , a common misconception about ant colonies. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
For other uses, see Ant disambiguation. Ants of medical importance. Myrmecology , Biomimetics , and Ant colony optimization algorithms.
Archived from the original on Ants of Africa and Madagascar: A Guide to the Genera. University of California Press. Caste and ecology in the social insects.
Princeton University Press, Princeton. A Natural History of the Planet. Ants Publication ". University of California Agriculture and Natural Resources.
Retrieved 5 June Retrieved 6 June Retrieved 30 May Annual Review of Entomology. Formicidae , with two new species" PDF. Archived from the original PDF on Iowa State University Entomology.